## From Estonia Math Olympiad

Puzzle.A group of 20 students formed a line to take an oral exam with Professor Chill. They were afraid to enter the classroom, so they decided to do a drawing. They wrote the numbers from 1 to 20 on pieces of paper, placed them in a hat, and each student picked one. The student who drew the number 1 went into the classroom first. Then, the remaining 19 students repeated the process, writing down numbers from 1 to 19, and the one who drew the number 1 took the exam next. They continued this process until all 20 students had taken their exams. Remarkably, each student drew a different number each time. Olga drew number 14 in the first round. How many students took the exam before she entered the classroom?

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## Lazar Ilic:

Induction backwards implies 13 as each student draws j, j-1, j-2, …, 1 in their j rounds prior to entering the classroom.

10 November 2023, 1:10 pm